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Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine

Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine (Iberoam J Med) (ISSN: 2695-5075) is a peer-reviewed open-access international journal without any submission and publication fees. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine publishes interesting original research conducted in all fields of medicine, interesting case reports and clinical images, reviews, editorials, letters, comments and letters to the Editor including reports on publication and research ethics. Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine encourages and enables a...



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Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Varicella Zoster (shingles) virus is a double stranded DNA in the Herpesviridae family that can present as both chicken pox and as shingles. The virus enters through the respiratory system, replicating in the nasopharynx, and causes a viremia upon primary infection. Varicella Zoster spreads to other organs and often lies dormant in the dorsal root ganglion. Reactivation of the virus is more common in older or immunocompromised patients and often presents as a painful vesicular rash in a...
Topics: Varicella zoster virus, Shingles, Urinary dysfunction
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The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) is considered a gold standard summative and formative assessment method wherein it is a comprehensive and standardized tool assessing the clinical competencies including psychomotor domain, attitudes, and behaviors that will be manifested in the real work of the medical graduates. Therefore, the implementation of OSCE depends on the design of a blueprint that consists of two axes; the first axis is the tested competencies according to the...
Topics: Objective structured clinical examination, Educational assessment, Medical education, Clinical...
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Topics: COVID-19, Coronavirus, Corona outbreaks, Corona pandemics, Vitamin-D deficiency, Vitamin-D...
Introduction : Alternating and pulsed electromagnetic magnetic fields (AEMF and PEMF) of different amplitudes and frequencies can induce metabolic and proliferative effects in osteoblasts, but there is no clearly directed tendency of these effects. I hypothesize that there are extremely low triggering parameters of alternating electromagnetic field (EMF) intensity, i.e., above the background magnetic field on earth but below the lowest AEMF and PEMF that have been investigated to date (above...
Topics: Cell maturation, Cell proliferation, Electromagnetic field, Osteoblast, PEMF
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Introduction : Aspirin has justifiably been called the first miracle drug. In this article, we highlight the history of Aspirin, a novel mechanism of action, and its use in cardiovascular and other diseases. Also included is a brief statement of emerging new applications. Objective : We highlight principal mechanisms by which Aspirin inhibits acute inflammation and alters platelet-biology; therefore, hypothesized that Aspirin might prove highly beneficial as a novel therapeutic drug for...
Topics: Aspirin, COVID-19, Systemic inflammatory response, Cytokine storm, Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory...
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Vesiculobullous lesions can be developed by less than 5% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Among these lesions, bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE) is one of the rarest and most challenging cutaneous presentations of the disease. Its frequency in the largest series of 5149 patients with cutaneous lupus was 0.19%, and the majority of cases are reported as sporadic observation or small series not exceeding ten cases. We report the original observation of BSLE revealing...
Topics: Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus, Cutaneous lupus, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Skin
Editorial
Topics: Emergency, Primary Care, Medicine
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Everyday routine jobs, as well as suddenly specific situations, as well as severe medical conditions of a nurse, can be considerably psychophysically exhausted. It is therefore important for nurses to find a model to deal effectively with stress and the severity of working conditions. Higher levels of education and lifelong learning contribute to finding new strategies that facilitate work in the intensive care unit. Qualities that give importance to nurse's are communication skills, emotional...
Topics: Critical Care, Patient, Nurse
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Introduction : There is the obscurity of published data on surgical management of external abdominal wall hernias in our environment. This study was, therefore, to describe the pattern, outcome, and experience in the surgical management of anterior abdominal wall hernias in Shisong, Cameroon. Methods : This was a descriptive retrospective study conducted at St. Elizabeth Catholic General Hospital, Shisong. The various cases of abdominal wall hernias performed in the hospital during the study...
Topics: Herniotomy, Hernioplasty, Inguinal hernia, Incisional hernia, Ventral hernia, Spigelian hernia
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Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is a rare skin disorder characterised by thick skin folds and grooves, resembling the gyri and sulci of the cerebral cortex. It can be classified as primary essential, primary non-essential and secondary CVG. The rarity of the condition poses a challenge in the diagnosis and ultimately requires good communication between the clinician and the dermatopathologist for diagnosis. Many names have been given to the condition, including Robert-Unna syndrome, cutis verticis...
Topics: Cutis verticis gyrata, Cerebriform intradermal nevus, Bulldog scalp syndrome
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Introduction : Dentin hypersensitivity (DH) is the most common concern faced by most dentists in their day-to-day clinical practice. It is characterized by short-term, acute pain of variable intensity, which occurs in response to thermal, tactile, osmotic or chemical stimuli that cannot be attributed to any other type of defect or dental decay. Casein phosphopeptide varnish is a newer material used to treat dentinal hypersensitivity as it reduces demineralization and promotes remineralization....
Topics: Casein phosphopeptide, Dentin hypersensitivity, Fluoride varnish, Visual analogue scale
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Introduction : We report a case of gastroschisis seen in our center, highlighting the rarity of this clinical entity. The author equally reviewed the existing literature covering the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, management options, and outcomes of gastroschisis in low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa and compares the reports with middle-income and high-income countries across the world. Case presentation : A preterm female neonate with a clinical diagnosis of gastroschisis at a primary...
Topics: Gastroschisis, Congenital anomaly, Anterior abdominal wall defects, Low-resource setting
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Topics: Medical resident, COVID-19, Medical education
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Introduction : Corona Virus Infectious Disease (COVID-19) is the infectious disease. The COVID-19 disease came to earth in early 2019. It is expanding exponentially throughout the world and affected an enormous number of human beings starting from the last month. The World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020 declared COVID-19 was characterized as “Pandemic”. This paper proposed approach for confirmation of COVID-19 cases after the diagnosis of doctors. The objective of this study...
Topics: Machine learning, LSTM, GRU, RNN, COVID-19
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Introduction : Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN), a common and troublesome complication of diabetes mellitus (DM), leads to a higher risk of diabetic foot ulcers and lower limb amputation. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of DPN among patients of type 2 DM from rural North India and associated risk factors for the condition. Materials and Methods : A facility-based cross-sectional study was carried out among type 2 diabetic patients attending the Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD)...
Topics: Diabetes, Neuropathy, MNSI, Rural, North India
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Introduction : Allergic conjunctivitis is treated with oral anti-allergy agents or topical eye drops, but the response is often incomplete, and symptoms persist. We considered that topical treatment with an antihistamine ointment (diphenhydramine-Restamin Cream®) on the eyelids could be effective as supplemental therapy. This study investigates the efficacy and safety of Restamin Cream® for allergic conjunctivitis. Methods : In patients with allergic conjunctivitis, Restamin Cream® was...
Topics: Allergic, Conjunctivitis, Antihistamines, Asthma, Conjunctiva, Topical administration
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Introduction : Cicatricial alopecias are a group of disorders characterized by hair follicle destruction with the consequence of permanent hair loss. The current study was conducted to evaluate the epidemiological and clinicopathological characteristics of cicatricial alopecia in Libyan community. Methods : Thirty-one patients with confirmed diagnosis of cicatricial alopecia by biopsy and tricoscopy during Jan 2018 to Dec 2019 were included in this study. Data were collected by filling a...
Topics: Cicatricial, Alopecia, Hair loss, Disorder, Lybia
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Introduction : In our previous studies it was concluded that the zinc (Zn) level in in human expressed prostatic fluid (EPF) is a first candidate with the role of offering a new, simple, fast, reliable, and non-invasive diagnostic tool for prostate cancer (PCa) screening. However it was unclear how other non-prostatic diseases inherent of the old persons, including heart diseases, atherosclerosis, diabetes, asymptomatic cancer of different localization and some others, impact on a chemical...
Topics: Prostate cancer, Bladder cancer, Expressed prostatic fluid, Zinc, Energy-dispersive X-ray...
Objective : This article aims to explore the role and responsibility of physicians in the era of social media; the authors take as an example of the current pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Also, we highlight how social media impact the way populations trust and follow the recommendations of the governments. Methods : We identified relevant articles to date using a manual library search, journal publications on the subject, and critically reviewed them. Results : We critically...
Topics: Coronavirus Disease, COVID-19, Health Professionals, Health Policy, Social Media, Twitter,...
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is considered the second most frequent benign liver tumor with a low prevalence, with a broad predominance in the female population. Most cases are asymptomatic and are often discovered incidentally. Diagnostic imaging through MRI, CT, and ultrasound can be achieved in up to 80% of cases. In some cases, a histopathological study may be necessary, especially in view of the diagnostic uncertainty and suspicion of malignancy. To date, the management of these lesions...
Topics: Focal nodular hyperplasia, Gallstones, Liver, Gallbladder, Cholecystitis
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Topics: Stakeholder analysis, Engagement, Pharmacovigilance, Policy, Patients
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Introduction : Aromatic plants produce diverse chemical constituents with potential to inhibit viral infections. These plants have been utilized for the prevention and treatment of a range of infectious and non-infectious diseases. Essential oils are among the plant-derived antiviral agents that are being employed in phytomedicine, and are considered as prospective drug candidate against the ravaging Coronavirus. Methods : Relevant articles relating to the concept were identified using a...
Topics: Coronavirus, Medicinal plants, Essential oil, Aromatherapy, Antiviral
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The present world has observed the SARS-CoV2 or COVID-19 spreading rapidly with a rising death toll and transmission rates with an absence of proper data management and information sharing. The current traditional database storage system has the limitations of a centralized control system and tampering of data, particularly when it is being shared with others. The Novel technology known as “Blockchain” is a distributed ledger technology that acts as a shared database, keeping all its copies...
Topics: COVID-19, Blockchain, Pandemic, Novel coronavirus, Database, Epidemic
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Introduction : There is much lack of knowledge concerning most prostatic malfunction, especially the reasons and detailed nature of its pathologies. In spite of advances in medical science, the differential diagnosis of prostatic pathologies has steadily increased in complexity and controversy. A proposal has been made that prostatic calcium (Ca) content determinations may aid in resolving these issues for prostate disorders and especially as an indicator of its carcinoma risk. As a result many...
Topics: Calcium, Human prostate, Normal prostatic tissue, Biomarkers
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The objective of this review is to summarize specialty data regarding possible manifestations of diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis in general otorhinolaryngology practice in order to increase awareness of this entity. Research on the topic was based on consulting specialty books, electronic databases like PubMed, Scopus (Elsevier), Web of Science, Research Gate, Up-to-date and also, on clinical experience. Even though asymptomatic in most patients and many times found during cervical...
Topics: Dysphagia, Dyspnea, Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis
Introduction : Phosphoinositides play a key role in the regulation of focal adhesions (FAs) turnover during cell adhesion and migration. However, their potential role in FA turnover at leading and trailing edge of cell are not yet fully understood. In this study, we investigate their spatial co-localisation with paxillin directly at leading and trailing edge of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line. Materials and methods : Cell lines and cell culture experiments were done using MDA-MB-231human...
Topics: PtdIns(4, 5)P2, PtdIns(3, 4, 5)P3, Focal adhesions, Spatial co-localistion
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Topics: Pharmacy, Medicine, Health Care
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Objective : The study aimed to highlight the pattern and treatment outcome of childhood burn injuries in northwestern Cameroon. Such reports are expected to provide preventive and improvement guidelines in our settings in the long run. Methods : Forty-two consecutive patients under fifteen with burns injuries managed at our facility were prospectively enrolled in the study. Results : The study population was 42 patients, which consisted of 23 (54%) male and 19 (46%) female, with the median...
Topics: Burns, Childrens, Injuries, Awareness, Etiology, Cameroon
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Assessment in medical education usually gives the evidence that learning was carried out and the learning objectives were achieved. The assessment program is a measurement tool to evaluate the progress in knowledge, skills, behaviors, and the attitude of students. So, the planning for an effective assessment program should be based on instructional objectives, instructional activities, and efficient assessment methods. Thus, a well-designed assessment procedure should be characterized by...
Topics: Assessment, Methods, Medical Education
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Bladder cancer is one of the most significant genitourinary cancer characterized by a high rate of recurrences, morbidity, and mortality in a large number of patients. Over the years, numerous therapeutic approaches have been developed. For more than 40 years, the most comprehensive method for the treatment of non-invasive and invasive bladder cancer has been the use of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), giving a successful effect in a high percentage of patients. However, due to the genetic...
Topics: Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, Bladder cancer, Checkpoint inhibitors, Immunotherapy urothelial carcinoma
This case report presents a lipofibromatous hamartoma of the median nerve in a 31-year-old man who presents local deformity and a sensory deficit in the nerve territory. The tumor was evaluated with magnetic resonance, computed tomography, and plain film radiography, studying the pathognomonic findings of this tumor. The patient did not want surgical treatment because of prior surgical sequelae. A prior surgical biopsy was reported as a peripheral nerve with normal axonal fascicles surrounded...
Topics: Lipofibromatous hamartoma, Median nerve, Carpal tunnel, Magnetic resonance, Macrodactyly
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Introduction : Amyand’s hernia is an extremely rare and atypical hernia that is difficult to diagnose clinically characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. The aim of this report is to describe a case of Amyand’s hernia and highlights the importance of early CT scanning in reaching the exact and early diagnosis of Amyand’s hernia. Case report : We present a rare case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of intermittent pain in the right inguinal...
Topics: Amyand’s hernia, Inguinal hernia, Appendix, Hernia sac, CT, Appendectomy
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Introduction : Recent advances in nanotechnology have introduced new therapeutic materials for periodontal therapy. Previous studies showed that nanoparticles of silver provide high antibacterial activity. Taking this in consideration, it can be used in nonsurgical periodontal therapy. The present study focuses on efficacy of subgingival local drug delivery of silver nanoparticles in comparison with tetracycline in chronic periodontitis. Methods : To understand the effect of silver...
Topics: Silver nanoparticles, Periodontitis, Chronic periodontitis
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Worm infestation issue is a common health condition observed mostly in Asian countries. The prevalence of worms in children is higher due to the habit of playing in mud or outdoors which is not found in the case of an infant. Very rarely worm infestation is observed in infants. There is a need for an investigation to be carried out for live worms in the stool. Sometimes the change in the diet of the infant, irregular bowel movements, and worm-like things in stool makes an alarming situation. We...
Topics: Worm, Infant, Banana fibers, Stool
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Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare neuromucocutaneous granulomatous disorder classically defined by the triad: fissured tongue (lingua plicata), recurrent orofacial edema, and relapsing facial paralysis. Association with other dysimmune disorders was reported suggesting an immunological origin to this syndrome. The association with autoimmune thyroiditis remains exceptional and unusual. We report the original case of an MRS associated with Hashimoto autoimmune thyroiditis in a...
Topics: Melkerson-Rosenthal syndrome, Autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto thyroiditis, Lingua plicata
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Introduction : Coronavirus disease 2019 is the recent most devastating global outbreak that influenced humanity in the new millennium since decades from the last devastating pandemic. Despite being of low mortality rates - if compared with the previous epidemics in human history - the progressively spreading epidemic does not impact health and life but also has changed man's lifestyle, economy, politics and many other undisputed admitted daily routines. Methods : The present case provides...
Topics: CoVID-19, Pandemic, Polynomial regression, PHEIC
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After spillover from Wuhan (China) in December, 2019, SARS-CoV-2 related respiratory disease (COVID-19) has rapidly affected all countries. The pandemic has posed a serious threat to world health resources. At present, there is no recommended treatment or vaccine for SARS-CoV-2. However, various drug combinations are under trial. Reversion to general principles of prevention is the preferred strategy under such circumstances. We discuss the importance of wearing a face mask and present a...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Face mask, Pandemic, Protection
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NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) is considered as one of the most significant enzyme in cellular defense due to its ability to detoxify reactive quinones and quinone imines to their less toxic hydroquinones forms. NQO1 is a xenobiotic metabolizing cytosolic enzyme that catalyzes the reduction of two- or four-electron of numerous exogenous and endogenous quinones by utilizing flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) as a cofactor. NQO1 enzyme exists as a homodimer enzyme and is biochemically...
Topics: Gene expression, NQO1, Keap1, ARE
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Introduction : Face masks use among Cameroonians is a new behavior. Many citizens have adopted face masks as a step to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Individuals might use face masks because of their profession, risk perception, and social status. This study aims at evaluating the relation between occupation and face masks use in COVID-19 setting in Cameroon. Our study hypothesizes that face masks use is not associated with occupation in Cameroon. Methods : A survey was conducted from May 13...
Topics: Face masks, Coronavirus, Cameroon, COVID-19, Occupation, Behavior, Health professionals
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In the 1960s, Jeff Watkins and colleagues discovered N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, and since then, it has been a pharmacodynamic target for many neurological and psychiatric drugs. NMDA is a glutamate receptor and ion channel protein located in nerve cells. There are many subunits for the NMDA receptor. They are all working together in a harmonic pattern to regulate the calcium permeability and the voltage-dependent sensitivity to magnesium influenced by the binding of glutamate as a...
Topics: Neuropathology, Psychiatry, Pharmacology
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Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis, is a respiratory syndrome involving the lung parenchyma specifically the alveoli, terminal bronchioles and alveolar interstitium. HP is caused by delayed allergic reaction to variety of antigens like microbes, animal proteins, and low-molecular-weight chemicals. Bagassosis is one such HP caused by repetitive inhalation of bagasse. Though use of bagasse as cause of HP is known, use of bagasse in brick- kiln factory as...
Topics: Interstitial lung disease, Hypersensitivity pneumonia, Bagassosis
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This paper reviews the therapeutic effects of  Commiphora myrrh  in different diseases. It is organized by sub-themed sections: nature and history of myrrh, its use in different cultures, its chemical action, and effect on virus or/and bacteria, benefits of its utilization for respiratory problems and oral diseases. A literature research for the Myrrh or C. myrrh was performed using Cochrane Library databases and Medline. Forty two papers, including abstracts and full articles published from...
Topics: Myrrh, COVID-19, Oral Health, Qatar, Mouthwash, Chemistry, Gargle
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Introduction : Susceptibility to some infectious diseases has been associated with blood group phenotypes. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a new infectious disease caused by a novel corona virus designated Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which has spread rapidly around the world. The objective of this study was to determine if the susceptibility or severity to COVID-19 was associated with ABO blood group distribution among the affected countries. Materials...
Topics: ABO blood group, COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2
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Introduction : Conflicting evidences exist that ABO blood groups correlate with the susceptibility to COVID-19 and its clinical outcomes. This study aimed to pool available articles that assessed a possible relationship between COVID-19 and ABO blood groups. Materials and methods : A search was conducted in four databases comprising Pubmed/Medline, Google scholar, Journal storage (JSTOR) and African Journals Online (AJOL) for relevant studies available before 25th August 2020 and contained...
Topics: ABO blood group, Susceptibility, Severity, Mortality, COVID-19, SARS-COV-2
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A severe pandemic of CoronaVirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to World Health Organization (WHO), appeared in China in December 2019, and spread rapidly. The majority of the patients had mild symptoms and good prognosis after recovery; however some patients developed severe inflammatory reaction and passed away from multiple organ complications. The novel coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a beta-coronavirus and is similar with the Severe Acute...
Topics: Infection, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Immune system
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Introduction : This experimental study gauged the value of argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) staining as a possible technique for the estimation of cell kinetics in conventional histology sections, in benign and malignant breast lesions. Methods : With a silver staining technique and immunohistochemistry, we associated the numbers of AgNORs and Ki67 scores in 30 breast carcinomas and 10 benign breast lesions. Results : The mean values of Ag NORs silver stain dots count for normal,...
Topics: Breast cancer, AgNORs, Ki67, Benign, Malignant
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Topics: Stakeholder analysis, Engagement, Pharmacovigilance, Policy, Patients
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Introduction : The global burden of bacterial skin infection is substantial. We aimed to determine the common pathogens causes skin infections and their antimicrobial resistance pattern. Methods : A retrospective record review of data claimed from the microbiology department at Ber-Ustta Milad skin hospital between Jan 2009 to December 2018 was conducted. The consequence of interest was the antimicrobial sensitivity of bacterial isolates. Chi square was used for statistical analysis. Results :...
Topics: Bacteria, Skin, Infection, Libya
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The outbreak of novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global pandemic and a public health crisis. COVID-19 is the clinical manifestation of infection with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Although it is predominantly a respiratory illness, there is growing awareness of the cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19 disease. Patients with pre-existing cardiovascular co-morbidities appear to be at highest risk for mortality from this disease along...
Topics: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, Myocarditis, Heart failure, Arrhythmia
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Introduction : We held a class for supporters in dementia prevention to nurture people who can carry out activities that prevent dementia and restrict its advancement. The objective was for enrollees who have completed the class to be able to visit the homes of older adults who have difficulty leaving their homes and help them carry out activities that prevent dementia. The trained supporters then evaluated the cognitive and psychological effects of interaction. Method : The participants were...
Topics: Dementia prevention, Supporters, Visit the homes, Conversation
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Topics: Cataract, Rosette, Trauma
Background : In recent years, due to the inappropriate use of antibiotics, drug resistance has increased in gram negative bacilli, including Klebsiella pneumoniae. Drug resistance is associated with an increase in mortality and therapeutic costs. Therefore, determination of an antibiotic resistance pattern for choosing the appropriate treatment for infections caused by this bacterium seems necessary. This study was conducted to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern of Klebsiella...
Topics: Klebsiella, Resistance, Antibiotic
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Introduction : Toxocariasis is a zoonotic helminth infection with difficult diagnosis. Determination of specific IgG antibodies alone does not allow to establish the disease stage and to evaluate the treatment efficacy. Therefore it is necessary to identify additional markers that will assist the diagnosis. The purpose of our study was to identify and monitor eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) levels in patients with toxocariasis confirmed by serology and to compare our data with the literature...
Topics: Toxocariasis, Eosinophilic cation protein, IgG antibodies, Recent infection
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Neurological disorders present a major group of diseases with the global prevalence of 6.3%. They are responsible for 12% global mortality. Mast cells are one of the most abundantly present cell of the immune system in the connective tissue and the central nervous system is not an exception. In this article is presented a review of studies on mast cells regarding their physiological role in cental nervous system. We also disscuss their role in several conditions like: multiple sclerosis,...
Topics: Central nervous system, Neuroimmunology, Mast cells, Histamine
Cyclosporiasis epidemics are caused primarily by food contaminated essentially with Cyclospora cayetanensis protozoa from Phylum Apicomplexa. National Outbreaks Reporting System (NORS) provides comprehensive monitoring and records for outbreaks in the USA. The pattern of the microbial epidemics could be investigated using statistical process control (SPC) techniques including Pareto analysis and control charts. The incidence of this outbreak is higher in some states more than others, especially...
Topics: Apicomplexa, Attribute chart, CDC, Cyclospora cayetanensis, IFSAC, NORS, Pareto diagram, Rare-event...
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The promotion of student engagement in simulation-based learning depends on authenticity, fidelity, and realism. Moulage is a simulation of illnesses or physical signs onto standardized patient or manikin via using makeup techniques or other elements acting as visual and tactile cues to promote learner engagement through more real-world experience. Therefore, moulage may be used broadly in medical education wherein its authenticity helps to improve the learning outcomes and performance of...
Topics: Simulation, Moulage, Medical Education
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Topics: Hospital Pharmacist, Professional Skills, Emergency Department
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When a person with a head injury arrives at the hospital, doctors and nurses first check life signs: cardiac work, blood pressure and breathing. For those who do not breathe satisfactorily, a extractor fan may be required. Doctors immediately assess the patient's state of mind and memory. They also test the brain's basic functions by checking the size of the pupils and their response to light, assessing reactions to sensations such as heat and stab of the needle, and testing the ability to move...
Topics: Head, Brain, Damage, Diagnosis
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a multifactorial metabolic disorder which is of public health concern. Therapeutic intervention using reliable, affordable and non-toxic natural sources is crucial. Aim of the study : This research was designed to evaluate the α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of ten essential oils from Calophyllum inophyllum Linn. The study is part of our local sourcing for natural promising leads to ameliorating diabetes mellitus globally. Materials...
Topics: Diabetes mellitus, Hyperglycemia, Medicinal plants, Calophyllum inophyllum, α-amylase inhibition,...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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ntroduction : The antimicrobial agents have saved human from several infectious disease. However, bacteria have capability to develop to become resistant to antibiotics and incorrect use of antibiotics is the main determinants of development of antimicrobial resistance which is a public health issue. Attention on medical students and community people should be emphasized by both education and promotion. Thus, this study was aimed to assess the present knowledge, attitude and behavior of Libyan...
Topics: Antibiotics, Bacteria, Community, Health education, Libya, Utilization, Students
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction and objective : The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of untreated dental caries in Latin American immigrant children who enter into the child protection system in Aragon, Spain. We analyze if these are related to demographic factors, body mass index, or vulnerability circumstances. Methods : Cross-sectional observational study. We analyze the social and health records of every child between the age of 6 and 17 that required residential care in the period between 2000 and...
Topics: Dental caries, Immigrant, Latin America, Body mass index, Child abuse
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
by Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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In December 2019 in Wuhan, China, the World Health Organization (WHO) declares that a severe pandemic of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was emerged and was spread rapidly resulted in dramatic global economic and health implications. The novel coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for a severe inflammatory reaction and clinically severe complications, although the majority of the infected individuals had mild symptoms and favorable...
Topics: Infection, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Cancer, Patients
Introduction : Respiratory tract infections have been known to be a significant health concern for mortality and morbidity since many years. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of bacterial pathogen causing upper respiratory tract (URTIs) and the susceptibility patterns to frequently used antibiotics among patients attending Abusetta hospital in Tripoli district. Methods : A total of 1,110 throat swabs were collected between Jan, 2011 to December, 2014 and inoculated onto Blood...
Topics: Respiratory tract infections, Antibiotics, Sensitivity, Resistance, Bacteria
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Topics: Emergency Room, Diagnosis, Treatment, Pneumonia
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Orbital exenteration is a mutilating surgery that involves the total removal of the orbital contents with partial or total excision of the eyelids. It is usually associated with an extremely disfiguring cosmetic outcome which requires some degree of reconstruction before an artificial eye can be placed into the socket. Often times, the orbital cavity needs to be filled with a soft tissue cover especially if the orbital fissures and optic canal is exposed. Free tissue transfer is thought to be...
Topics: Orbital wall defect, Paramedian forehead flap, Soft tissue reconstruction
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Hypoxemia is defined as the decrease in arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) below 80 mmHg. One of the ways to alleviate this condition is through oxygen therapy, which consists of administering oxygen at a concentration higher than atmospheric. This therapy is indicated in various pathologies and is aimed to treat hypoxemia and reduce the patient's myocardial demand and respiratory effort. Classically, this treatment has been carried out using low-flow systems, in which the inspiratory...
Topics: Respiratory insufficiency, Oxygen therapy, High flow oxygen therapy
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Background : Currently, one of the main problems that happens in the treatment by extracorporeal methods of hemosorption is systemic shifts in homeostasis. Among these complications the most significant are blood cells traumatization and hemorrhage. Direct physical contact of blood with sorbent surface causes activation of a multistage reaction of thrombosis. Now, new methods of hemosorption using non-traumatic sorbents are being actively developed. Wide introduction of nanotechnological...
Topics: Platelets, Functional, MCS-B nanoparticles, Saline solution, Aggregation rate, Aggregation index
Complete knee dislocation (CSF) is an uncommon lesion that should receive immediate attention due to the danger of secondary complications. Anterior dislocations are the most frequently observed, revealing usually concomitant complications of the stabilizing structure of the knee and is often accompanied by neurovascular lesions, including popliteal thrombosis and compartment syndrome. According to that, the literature reveals different approach in the diagnosis process to despite this...
Topics: Knee dislocation, Compartment syndrome, Popliteal artery, Emergency Department
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Central precocious puberty (CPP) is a rare disease. The mean annual incidence in girls is 0.8-1.1/100,000 and in boys 0-0.1/100,000. Intracranial arachnoid cysts (ICACs) are usually congenital and represent 1% of intracranial masses in newborns. Intraventricular location is rare. The objective of this work is to carry out a literature updated review of the coexistence of CPP and intraventricular arachnoid cyst (IVAC). ICACs are usually asymptomatic but can present with CPP in 10-40% of...
Topics: Central precocious puberty, Intraventricular arachnoid cyst, Children, Rare diseases, GnRH test,...
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Introduction : Amyand’s hernia is an extremely rare and atypical hernia that is difficult to diagnose clinically characterized by the herniation of the appendix into the inguinal sac. The aim of this report is to describe a case of Amyand’s hernia and highlights the importance of early CT scanning in reaching the exact and early diagnosis of Amyand’s hernia. Case report : We present a rare case of a 69-year-old female patient with a history of intermittent pain in the right inguinal...
Topics: Amyand’s hernia, Inguinal hernia, Appendix, Hernia sac, CT, Appendectomy
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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Topics: Coronavirus, COVID-19, Pandemic
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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We report a case of a 25-year-old male with a long history of watering from both the eyes. Complete ocular examination of the patient was carried out under slit lamp. Out of four, three punctums were found absent in our patient. Our case highlights a rare case of epiphora from both the eyes.
Topics: Punctum, Agenesis, Watering
Background: In cases of respiratory failure, Lung-Protective Ventilation Strategy (LPVS) which limits ventilator-induced lung injury is recommended. However, CO2 retention is a major impediment for LPVS and Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies enough time to the lungs for rest and recovery. We aimed to find out the connection between ECMO usage and the reduction of mechanical ventilatory values in patients who required ECMO therapy after cardiac surgery due to pulmonary failure....
Topics: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Lung-protective ventilation strategy, Cardiovascular surgery
Iberoamerican Journal of Medicine
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The practice of pharmacy in health care societies continues to undergo evolutionary and even radical changes. It has changed to a personal health service charged with assuring pharmaceutic and therapeutic appropriateness of all its functions in the care of patients. The purpose of this study is to review and analysis the historical stages of development of the good pharmaceutical practice (GPP) requirements and to recommend a guideline for the implementation of GPP standards in Libya as a way...
Topics: Libya, Pharmacies, Pharmacist, WHO
Background : In cases of respiratory failure, Lung-Protective Ventilation Strategy (LPVS) which limits ventilator-induced lung injury is recommended. However, CO2 retention is a major impediment for LPVS and Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) supplies enough time to the lungs for rest and recovery. We aimed to find out the connection between ECMO usage and the reduction of mechanical ventilatory values in patients who required ECMO therapy after cardiac surgery due to pulmonary failure....
Topics: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Lung-protective ventilation strategy, Cardiovascular surgery